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British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Muslims believe that the final and complete revelation of their faith was made through the Prophet Muhammad.
Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam.
Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. At age 40, he began to have revelations from Allah that became the basis for the Koran and the foundation of Islam.
By he had unified most of Arabia under a single religion. As ofthere are over 1.
His father died before he was born and he was raised first by his grandfather and then his uncle. He belonged to a poor but respectable family of the Quraysh tribe. The family was active in Meccan politics and trade.
Many of the tribes living in the Arabian Peninsula at the time were nomadic, trading goods as they crisscrossed the desert. Most tribes were polytheistic, worshipping their own set of gods. The town of Mecca was an important trading and religious center, home to many temples and worship sites where the devoted prayed to the idols of these gods. The most famous site was the Kaaba meaning cube in Arabic. It is believed to have been built by Abraham Ibrahim to Muslims and his son Ismail.
Gradually the people of Mecca turned to polytheism and idolatry. Of all the gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest and the only one without an idol. In his early teens, Muhammad worked in a camel caravan, following in the footsteps of many people his age, born of meager wealth.
Working for his uncle, he gained experience in commercial trade traveling to Syria and eventually from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean. In his early 20s, Muhammad began working for a wealthy merchant woman named Khadijah, 15 years his senior.
She soon became attracted to this young, accomplished man and proposed marriage. He accepted and over the years the happy union brought several children. Muhammad was also very religious, occasionally taking journeys of devotion to sacred sites near Mecca. On one of his pilgrimages inhe was meditating in a cave on Mount Jabal aI-Nour.
Recite for your lord is most generous…. Islamic tradition holds that the first persons to believe were his wife, Khadija and his close friend Abu Bakr regarded as the successor to Muhammad by Sunni Muslims. Soon, Muhammad began to gather a small following, initially encountering no opposition.
Most people in Mecca either ignored him or mocked him as just another prophet.
Besides going against long standing beliefs, the condemnation of idol worship had economic consequences for merchants who catered to the thousands of pilgrims who came to Mecca every year. Increasingly, the resistance to Muhammed and his followers grew and they were eventually forced to emigrate from Mecca to Medina, a city miles to the north in This event marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. Muhammad settled in Medina, building his Muslim community and gradually gathering acceptance and more followers.
Between andthe Muslims were involved in a series of battles for their survival.
In the final major confrontation, The Battle of the Trench and Siege of Medina, Muhammad and his followers prevailed and a treaty was ed. The treaty was broken by the Meccan allies a year later.
Prophet muhammad ()
By now, Muhammad had plenty of forces and the balance of power had shifted away from the Meccan leaders to him. Inthe Muslim army marched into Mecca, taking the city with minimum casualties. Muhammad gave amnesty to many of the Meccan leaders who had opposed him and pardoned many others. Most of the Meccan population converted to Islam. Muhammad and his followers then proceeded to destroy all of the statues of pagan gods in and around the Kaaba.
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After the conflict with Mecca was finally settled, Muhammad took his first true Islamic pilgrimage to that city and in March,he delivered his last sermon at Mount Arafat. He died on June 8,at the age of 62, and was buried at al-Masjid an-Nabawi the Mosque of the Prophet one of the first mosques built by Muhammad in Medina.
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